A recent news report by Channel News Asia titled “HIV-positive man who donated blood during pandemic faces charge of lying about sexual history” may have caused some concern in the community with regards to the issue transmissibility of HIV through oral sex.
Based on the report, people may wonder just how transmissible is HIV via oral sex and how does it compare to other forms of sexual practices like vaginal sex.
Sexual Practice and HIV Transmission Risk
Based on the Department of STI Control Clinic in Singapore, the table below summarizes the risk of transmission of HIV based on the type of sexual practice.
|Sexual Practice||Estimated risk of HIV transmission from a known HIV-positive individual not on effective HIV treatment
|Receptive vaginal sex||10 per 10,000 persons|
|Insertive vaginal sex||About 8 per 10,0000 persons|
|Performing oral sex||< 1 per 10,000 persons|
|Receiving oral sex||< 1 per 10,000 persons|
Can HIV be transmitted via oral sex yes, but the risk is roughly 10x less likely than vaginal sex.
So when is there no risk of HIV transmission?
- Breathing the same air as someone.
- Touching a toilet seat or door knob.
- Drinking from a water fountain.
- Hugging, kissing or shaking hands (although kissing may transfer fluids the level of virus in saliva is so low as to make the risk negligible).
- Sharing food or utensils.
- Sharing gym equipment.
- Skin to skin contact with an HIV positive person even if they happen to have fluid of unknown origin on them (particularly applies to commercial sex workers).
- Biting or scratching that does not break the skin or draw blood
How can we reduce risk of HIV transmission?
- Monogomous relationship
- Avoid casual sex or paid sex
- Always use condoms
- Regular testing if you are at risk – protect yourself and your loved ones
There are no way to know your HIV states unless you go for a HIV Test.
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