Hepatitis B Vaccine Singapore 2024: What You Need To Know

Contents – Hepatitis B Vaccine Singapore

  • What is the Hepatitis B vaccine?
  • Who is the Hepatitis B vaccine for?
  • Precautions before taking the Hepatitis B vaccine
  • How is the Hepatitis B vaccine administered?
  • Possible side effects with the Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Taking the Hepatitis B vaccine @ DTAP Vaccination Clinic
hep b vaccine singapore

What Is The Hepatitis B Vaccine / Hep B Booster For?

What is the Hepatitis B vaccine / Hep B Booster for?

Note: The terms Hepatitis B vaccine and Hep B Booster are used interchangeably. They refer to the same thing.

The Hepatitis B vaccine / Hep B Booster is used to prevent infection caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is a viral infection that can lead to serious liver disease. The virus is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person. It can also be spread through the sharing of items such as toothbrushes or razors with an infected individual. In some cases, a baby born to an infected mother can acquire the infection at birth unless the necessary vaccines are administered.

The common symptoms of Hepatitis B include jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes), nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and joint pain. By providing immunization against Hepatitis B, the vaccine helps to reduce the risk of infection and the associated complications, particularly liver-related diseases. The vaccine or booster is a critical tool in public health efforts to prevent the spread of Hepatitis B and protect individuals from the potentially severe consequences of the virus.

All staff at DTAP’s vaccination clinics undergo regular Covid testing. Visit our vaccination clinics with confidence and peace of mind.

Who Is The Hepatitis B Vaccine / Hep B Booster For?

As per the Singapore National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS), it is recommended that all children receive three doses of the Hepatitis B vaccine at appropriate intervals. The vaccination series typically begins with the first dose administered at birth, and children usually complete the series by 6 months of age. However, in certain circumstances, it may take longer than 6 months to finish the entire series.

Under the Singapore National Adult Immunisation Schedule (NAIS), adults aged 18 years or older who have not received the Hepatitis B vaccine previously, or lack evidence of past infection or immunity, are advised to undergo a three-dose regimen. This entails the administration of the first dose, followed by the second and third doses at one month and six months after the initial vaccination, respectively.

Adhering to these recommended vaccination schedules is crucial in providing comprehensive protection against Hepatitis B, both in childhood and adulthood. It contributes to individual health and well-being while also playing a key role in public health efforts to control the spread of Hepatitis B.

Precautions Before Taking The Hepatitis B Vaccine / Hep B Booster

It is important to inform your healthcare professional if:

  1. Allergic Reactions:
    • If you are allergic to this vaccine or any of its components.
  2. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding:
    • If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
  3. Medications:
    • If you are taking any other medications concurrently.
  4. Current Health Status:
    • If you are currently unwell and experiencing a fever.
  5. Bleeding Disorders:
    • If you have a history of bleeding disorders.
  6. Weakened Immune System:
    • If you have a weakened immune system, such as undergoing chemotherapy.

Providing your healthcare professional with this comprehensive information ensures that they can make informed decisions about the suitability and timing of the Hepatitis B vaccination. This information is essential for personalizing your healthcare plan and minimizing potential risks associated with the vaccine. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice based on your individual health circumstances.

How Is The Hepatitis B Vaccine / Hep B Booster Administered?

The Hepatitis B vaccine is typically administered through injection, either into a muscle (intramuscular) or under the skin (subcutaneous). Here are the key details regarding the administration of the Hepatitis B vaccine:

  1. Injection Method:
    • The vaccine is introduced into the body through injection, commonly into a muscle or occasionally under the skin.
  2. Dosing Schedule:
    • The vaccine is given as a series of three doses as part of both the National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS) and the National Adult Immunisation Schedule (NAIS).
  3. Combination Vaccination:
    • Under the NCIS, the Hepatitis B vaccine may be administered on its own as a single shot, or it may be combined with other vaccines (e.g., Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Polio, and Hib) as a single injection. This approach aims to streamline the vaccination process and ensure comprehensive protection against multiple diseases.
  4. Booster Dose:
    • In certain cases, a booster dose of the Hepatitis B vaccine may be recommended, particularly for individuals with specific medical conditions such as kidney problems (e.g., on hemodialysis) or a weakened immune system.

Adherence to the recommended dosing schedule and combination vaccination practices contributes to the overall efficacy of the Hepatitis B vaccine, providing individuals with robust protection against Hepatitis B infection. Always consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice based on individual health circumstances.

Possible Side Effects With Hepatitis B Vaccine / Hep B Booster

After receiving the Hepatitis B vaccine, individuals may experience certain side effects. Here are common side effects and recommendations:

  1. Feeling Faint:
    • Some individuals may feel faint after vaccination. To prevent fainting, it is advised to sit for 15 minutes after the vaccination.
  2. Pain, Redness, and Swelling at the Injection Site:
    • Localized pain, redness, and swelling at the injection site are common. Applying a cold compress to the affected area can provide relief.
  3. Paracetamol for Pain Relief:
    • If experiencing pain, individuals may take paracetamol as directed for pain relief.
  4. Headache and Fever:
    • Headache and fever may occur. Paracetamol can be taken to alleviate these symptoms.
  5. Fatigue, Dizziness, Irritability:
    • Fatigue, dizziness, and irritability are possible side effects. These typically resolve on their own.

It is important to note that these side effects are usually temporary and should improve over time. However, individuals are advised to consult a doctor if the side effects do not improve or if they worsen. Seeking medical attention ensures appropriate evaluation and management of any unusual or severe reactions. Always follow the guidance of healthcare professionals for personalized advice and care.

Taking The Hepatitis B Vaccine / Hep B Booster @ DTAP Vaccination Clinic

The Hepatitis B vaccine or Hep B Booster is available at all DTAP Vaccination Clinics. If you are considering taking the Hepatitis B jab at DTAP, you may book an appointment here. We accept both walk-ins and appointments.