5 Objects Found In Ear Where It Should Not Belong!

#1 Impacted Earwax

The production of ear wax can be excessive in some people. This can happen when water gets trapped in the ear, or when the ear is injured or occurs for no particularly obvious reason.

#2 Small insects

A myriad of insects may reside temporarily in the external auditory canal.  Amongst all, small cockroaches are most commonly found in the ear canal as they prefer the warm, dark environment. A crawling and moving insect can be uncomfortable and may risk injuring the inner ear and the eardrum. Mineral oil is used to kill the insects before one attempting to remove it.

#3 Cotton bud

It is a common routine for some to attempt cleaning their ears using cotton buds. This can actually push the wax deeper into the ear instead of getting it out. As a consequence, leading to ear wax impaction, resulting to discomfort and decreased in hearing ability. Also, repetitive friction may cause skin tear in the ear causing bacteria to set in. This might result in an ear infection.

#4 Beads and plastic toys

This occurs in toddlers and children who place items in their ears out of curiosity.

via GIPHY

#5 Button Batteries

Button batteries can be found in toy or hearing aids. They can cause destruction to the ear canal because of electrical currents and pressure exerted by the battery in the small ear canal. There have been reports of injury to the eardrum and skin of the ear canal.

via GIPHY

Looking after your ears (Water Precaution)

It is imperative to keep water out of the ears and keeping them dry.  Water can be a vehicle for germs and bacteria growth when present in the ear canal. Interestingly, the worst water is bath water; even soap or shampoo water can potentially carry a large number of germs.
It is advisable for the below products when swimming or washing head and hair:

  • Cotton wool plug covered in Vaseline
  • Earplugs during swimming
  • Shower cap

via GIPHY
 

Tips for good ear care and prevention of ear infection

  • Keep the ears dry especially bathing or swimming.
  • Earplugs at all time during swimming. Earplugs need to be regularly cleaned and changed.
  • Keep ears dry after swimming
  • Dry the ears using a dry towel.
  • Avoid using cotton buds or sticking metal ear pick into your ears.
  • Regular cleaning and nightly removal of hearing aid
  • Clean the ears regularly by a doctor if you have excessive earwax

Who should be more concerned?
Preventive interventions should be considered in people with a recurrent ear infection or patients with a skin condition involving the ear.

Have You Heard of Ear Toliet?

Ear Toliet Procedure is using Instrumentation and Microsuction to Remove Ear Wax

While microsuction and instrumentation carries some inherent risks, this is one of the safest wax clearing procedure when used with direct visualization by the medical practitioner.
This enables the medical practitioner to clean the ear canal with greater precision and reduced patient discomfort whilst concurrently enabling the medical practitioner to inspect the ear canal and tympanic membrane are in detail.
As an ancillary benefit, this method allows 2-handed working which further minimizes the risks of human error.
Due to the increased precision and stability, microsuction is often used in situations where ear irrigation is inappropriate or for patients with a deficiency in the ear drum (eg hole in the ear) or having previous ear surgeries.

  • Patients with an ear infection will benefit as ear irrigation will not be safe in this group of patients
  • Patient with build- up of ear wax causing symptoms
  • Patient with anatomical variations of the ear canal
  • Patient wearing hearing aids
  • Children who able to understand instructions and willing to cooperate

The Ear Toliet (Ear Wax Removal) Procedure is only available in our Dr Tan & Partners @Raffles Place in Singapore.
If you are interested in this service and wish to find out more, please call +65 6962 7144 or visit our clinic at our Raffles Place Branch or drop us an email at hello@dtapclinic.com

What Causes Male Pattern Hair Loss (Androgenic Alopecia)

What is Male Pattern Hair Loss (Androgenic Alopecia)?

It is a very common form of hair loss which can affect up to 50% of men by age 50. It is usually inherited (meaning that your father or mother is likely to have it as well). It can start as early as after puberty in some cases.

What are the causes of Male Pattern Hair Loss (Androgenic Alopecia)?

In most cases, it is due to the genes you inherited from either your father or mother or both. Typically, if you are affected by the condition, the hair follicles start to shrink with time under the influence of male hormones.

and then what happens?

As the condition progress, the hair thickness also starts to become thinner and over time, the hair is lost.
In most cases, it starts with the recession of the hairline around the temples and also around the forehead area. Then hair around the top of the head (the crown) also becomes less. In time, the areas of baldness will join together. However, hair at the back of the head is usually not affected in this condition.
See other types of Hair Loss Conditions

Is male pattern hair loss only a cosmetic concern?

No. There are studies that show a link between those affected by the condition to be at higher risk of cardiovascular disease (i.e. hypertension, heart attacks, strokes)
Also, it is associated with benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) which is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate, which can cause symptoms like, an increase in frequency to pass urine, waking up multiple times at night to pass urine and as a result affect the quality of your sleep.
In addition, it has been found in studies that men who use anabolic steroids are also associated with increased risk of the condition. Similarly, persons on testosterone replacement therapy for hypogonadism are at increased risk of the condition as well.
Some studies also found that increased levels of DHEA (another sex hormone ) or low levels of SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin) which in turn means that there is more free man hormones that your body can use are also associated with the condition as well.
There are also studies to show that there is a link between the condition and prostate cancer. A large Australian study suggests that loss of hair at the top of the head at age 40 may be an early marker of prostate cancer.

What are the available treatments for Male Pattern Hair Loss (Androgenic Alopecia)?

Medical Treatment for Male Pattern Hair Loss (Andorgenic Alopecia)

1. Topical Solution for Hair Loss

This Hair loss treatment works by slowing the shrinkage of the hair follicles
The Advantage of using  Topical Solution for Hair Loss

  • Simple to use
  • Apply on hair daily up to twice a day

The Disadvantage of using  Topical Solution for Hair Loss

  • Takes up to 6 months to notice the effect
  • Need to use it on a permanent basis as hair loss resumes after stopping
2. Oral Medication for Hair Loss

This Hair loss Treatment works by blocking the conversion of male hormones to DHT which causes shrinkage of the hair follicles
The Advantage of using Oral Medication for Hair Loss

  • Unlike lotion which only slows the shrinkage of hair follicles, it has been suggested that medication is able to reverse the shrinkage of hair follicles

The Disadvantage of using  Oral Medication for Hair Loss

  • In about 1-2% of men who take the medication, they reported a decrease in sex drive or erectile dysfunction.
  • A decrease in PSA levels which may cause an underestimation of risk of prostate cancer
  • Takes up to 6 months to notice effects
  • Need to use it on a permanent basis as hair loss resumes after stopping
3.) Hair Transplant for Hair Loss

Strips of hair from the back of your head are removed and then individually transplanted to the area of hair loss.
The Advantage of Hair Transplant

  • Can notice effect around 3 months

The Disadvantage of Hair Transplant

  • Downtime (recovery time after hair transplant)
  • Can take up to few hours for the procedure depending on the area that needs to be transplanted
  • Expensive (Average cost > $15,000)
  • Failure of the hair grafts may occur
4.) Regenera Activa for Hair Loss


Similar to hair transplant, hair from the back of the head is removed and then using a specialised machine, hair follicular units are harvested and then injected into the area of hair loss.
The Advantage of Regenera Activa

  • It has been approved by FDA for medical treatment
  • Much smaller area of hair (3 x 2.5 mm) needed to be removed from the back of the head compared to hair transplant
  • Can notice effect around 3 months
  • Faster than hair transplant procedure (generally takes about 30 mins)
  • No downtime
  • Cheaper than hair transplant
  • Last for 18 months to 24 months depending on individuals

Learn more about Regenera Activa Hair Loss Treatment.
Regenera Activa Male Pattern Hair Loss is only available in the following 4 Branches:

  • Dr Tan & Partners @Novena   (+65 6397 2095)
  • Dr Tan & Partners @DUO Galleria (+65 6976 5023)
  • Dr Tan & Partners @Siglap (+65 6962 2144)
  • Dr Tan & Partners @Holland V (+65 6235 1339)

If you think you may have male pattern hair loss, please speak to any of our friendly doctors at any of our clinics to discuss further, or Drop us an email at hello@dtapclinic.com

Phimosis – Unusually Tight Foreskin (Video)

How Do I Know If I Have Phimosis (Tight Foreskin)?

Phimosis is a condition of unusually tight foreskin that cannot be drawn back from the head of the penis.
It is a constriction of the opening of the foreskin that – it can’t be drawn back over the tip of the penis.
A simple way to find out is just to try to pull your foreskin all the way back until you see the whole head of the penis.
If you cannot do this or if it hurts to do this, you likely suffer from phimosis (tight foreskin).

How Severe are My Phimosis (Tight Foreskin) Condition?

Score 1: Full retraction of the foreskin, tight behind the glans.
Score 2: Partial exposure of glans, prepuce (not congenital adhesions) limiting factor.
Score 3: Partial retraction, meatus just visible.
Score 4: Slight retraction, but some distance between tip and glans, i.e. neither meatus nor glans can be exposed. ☑
Score 5: Absolutely no retraction of the foreskin. ☑

What are the Risk Factors of Phimosis (Tight Foreskin)?

The tightness of the foreskin may interfere with the normal passage of urine.
In severe cases, this may cause retention of urine and urine infection. It also increases the risk of infections of the foreskin and head of the penis.
This problem is especially severe in people with Diabetes.
Also, it may cause pain during sex. If you have phimosis using a condom during sexual intercourse may make the penis more comfortable.

What are the Possible Treatments of Phimosis (Tight Foreskin)?

Your doctor may give you antibiotics if the swabs did showed signs of infection, or may give you a cream for application.
Sometimes, phimosis can be treated simply by stretching the foreskin. Sometimes, doctors will prescribe a cream to help the foreskin stretch.
If the problem is severe and stretching does not help or if the foreskin is badly scarred, the patient may need a circumcision.
Circumcision for adults is a medical treatment option for patients with recurrent foreskin infections, phimosis (tight foreskin opening), and for religious reasons.

If you think you may be suffering from phimosis, see our doctors for a consultation.

 


Top 7 Myths and Facts about Erectile Dysfunction

Anonymous HIV Testing + Emotional Support + Community Outreach

Getting an HIV test can be a scary affair for most people in the community.
Besides the stigma that is associated with HIV & AIDS, there is also the anxiety that comes along with knowing your HIV-status. This is definitely overwhelming for many of us.
Not forgetting the 20 minutes agonising wait for your HIV test result that seems forever.
Dr. Tan & Partners & Oogachaga have teamed up to provide Anonymous HIV testing & emotional support for the community in a discreet and confidential environment in our Robertson branch every first Friday evening of the month.

Dr. Tan & Partners  @Robertson is a Minister of Health of Singapore approved HIV test site for Anonymous HIV Testing.

Oogachaga is a community-based, non-profit, professional organisation working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning and queer (LGBTQ+) individuals, couples and families in Singapore since 1999

Anonymous HIV Testing

Anonymous HIV testing is for local or foreign individuals who would like to get their HIV test done, but prefer not be identified.
Hence, we do not collect your NRIC or passport numbers, address or contact numbers during registration.
Both negative and positive HIV result is kept anonymous and confidential.
If you suspect that you have any HIV signs & symptoms or have questions in regards to HIV window periods, you can chat with our open – friendly doctors on all STD/HIV related medical concerns.
All HIV tests are administered by our doctors in our STD clinic.

Emotional Support

While waiting to see our doctor, or after the doctor has administered the Anonymous HIV test, you (or your partner) may request to talk in private with the professional counsellor from Oogachaga for free. No additional charges will be added to your medical bill.
The counsellor can offer you guidance on other non-medical issues related to your sexual health concerns or other personal problems. Oogachaga has been working with (LGBTQ+) individuals, couples and families in Singapore since 1999.
Sometimes, it helps to be able to chat with someone to take your mind off the HIV test.

How to go about it?

Step 1: Reception

Let our friendly staffs know you need an “AHT test”.  No appointment required.

Step 2: See a Doctor

A doctor will have a private consultation with you & administer the HIV test.

Step 2-A: Chat with Counsellor

Instead of waiting alone, you can choose to speak to the counsellor, who is LGBTQ-friendly before or after you see our doctors.

You can ask the counsellor questions about HIV/ STIs, or have a chat about coming out, relationships, sexuality, safer sex…..

(The session will be kept confidential, even from the doctor, if you wish)

Step 3: HIV Test Result & Review

After 20 mins, your HIV test result will be ready & the doctor will review the result with you.

When is it available?

If you wish to speak to the counsellor please visit us Every first Friday evening (6 pm – 9 pm) of the month at out Robertson Branch
Anonymous HIV Testing is available daily from 8 am – 9 pm on weekdays and 9 am to 2 pm on weekends at our Robertson branch.
There are no additional medical charges for speaking to the counsellor from Oogachaga. The medical bill only includes your HIV test and doctor consultations.
No appointment is required.

X.O.X.O
Dr Jonathon Ti


Other Interesting Reads:

  1. An Overview of STD – From an STD Doctor
  2. Top Travel Tips for People Living with HIV
  3. 4 Penile Health Tips
  4. An Overview of Gonorrhoea
  5. What is the Treatment for Cold Sores? What causes Cold Sores?
  6. Genital Warts: The Cauliflower-Like Lumps on the Genitals
  7. Syphilis Symptoms (Painless STD Sores & STD Rashes)
  8. What You Need to Know about Prostate Massage
  9. 10 Ways to Improve Sexual Performace for Men
  10. HIV PrEP for Travel

An Overview of Gonorrhoea Symptoms

Gonorrhoea symptoms in Men & Women can include discharge, painful urination and itch. Some people who are infected may not display any signs or symptoms.

What is the Cause of Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhoea is one of the most common Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) in women.  It can cause infections in the vagina, rectum, and throat.
Gonorrhoea is known to be easily transmittable via both penetrative and oral sex. It can infect the reproductive system and less commonly, the throat or eyes. A maternal to child transmission is also possible here.
Similar to Gonorrhoea, Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. Gonorrhoea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

In women, gonorrhoea affects the cervix and its functions 90% of the time.

via GIPHY

What are the risk factors for contracting Gonorrhea?

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • New sexual partner
  • Unprotected sex
  • Men that have sex with Men (MSM)
  • A sexual partner who has an STI
  • Having concurrent STI

What are the Gonorrhoea Symptoms:

Gonorrhoea can be a silent infection in most of the population. Often time, women and men with Gonorrhea will not display any signs and symptoms.
Gonorrhoea Symptoms & Chlamydia Symptoms can be overlaping.

The Symptoms of gonorrhoea can differ between men and women.

via GIPHY

Gonorrhoea Symptoms in women:

Gonorrhoea Symptoms in Men

  • Penile discharge – colour may vary from white, yellow, green, or occasionally blood-tinged
  • Pain when passing urine
  • Pain in the testicles – rare

Read more about what are the other causes of penile infection & foreskin infection
Depending on the nature of the sexual activity and the severity of the infection, both men and women may experience pain, itchiness or discharge from the anus. They may also have pain, swelling, irritation, or discharge from the eye or both eyes (otherwise diagnosed as conjunctivitis).

How to Treat Gonorrhoea?

As with most bacterial infections, gonorrhoea is treated with antibiotics. The first choice is a wide spectrum antibiotic. It is, however, proving to be getting more resistant to antibiotics.
Gonorrhoea is also challenging to treat because most people who have this STI also have concurrent sexually transmitted illnesses like chlamydia.

via GIPHY
Also, like with any other sexually transmitted illness, treatment must be extended to all partners, and once treatment is completed, routine testing is highly recommended in view of relapse due to the increasing resistant nature of the gonorrhoea bacteria.
Abstinence is recommended during treatment.

What are the Complications of Gonorrhoea

Rarely, untreated gonorrhoea can spread throughout the body giving rise to skin pustules, infection of the joints (fingers, ankles, knees, and toes), brain or heart valves.

Complications of Gonorrhea in Men

More commonly, in men, infections of the epididymis, prostate and urethra are noted. Gonorrhoea can cause subfertility in some patients.

Complications of Gonorrhea in Women

In women, similar to other sexually transmitted diseases, untreated gonorrhoea may cause pelvic inflammatory disease (via an ascending infection involving the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries) in up to 20% of patients. With inflammation, scarring and/or multiple infections, issues of subfertility and extra-uterine pregnancy will arise.
More annoyingly is the chronic, relapsing pelvic pain. This pain is characteristically stubborn and may require multiple analgesic medications in some women.
Read more about Herpes: Everything You Need to Know!

How is Gonorrhea Test Performed?

In most cases, usually for men, a urine sample will be required for the test. However, for female patients, ideally, the doctor will need to take a sample from the cervix ( neck of the womb).
For this, patients will lie down on the examination couch with knees bent and a small plastic instrument called a speculum will be used to open the vagina, then a soft brush will be used to collect a sample from the cervix. This procedure is very quick and painless, with only some minimal
discomfort.
Depending on sexual history, gonorrhoea swab may also be taken from the throat and rectum, in both men and women.

Any preparation needed before the test?

Vaginal douching and rectal douches, as well as creams, should be avoided 1 day before the test.
For the urine test, it is best to not urinate at least 2 hours before the sample is taken.

How long will the results take?

The test is usually performed together with chlamydia screening and results will be ready by the NEXT DAY. This allows treatment to be given as soon as possible when needed.
We can provide Rapid Chlamydia and Gonorrhea STD Testing. STD Test result will be available the following day.
If you are interested in getting a Rapid STD Testing or treatment for gonorrhoea, please visit our clinics and speak to our male and female doctors.
That’s All Folks!


Other Interesting Reads:

  1. An Overview of STD – From an STD Doctor
  2. What are the Signs & Symptoms of HIV and AIDS?
  3. STD Symptoms
  4. What You Need To Know about HPV, Cervical Cancer, Pap Smear & HPV Vaccination
  5. Weak Erection? Erectile Dysfunction? Improv Erection with Pills
  6. 11 Causes of Dyspareunia (Pain During Intercourse)
  7. What are the Causes of Genital Ulcers, Genital Warts and Genital Blisters
  8. What is HPV Vaccination (Gardasil 9)
  9. How to Get Rid of Genital Warts?
  10. 10 Causes of abnormal Vaginal Lumps and Bumps
  11. HPV Infection & HPV Vaccination for Men who have sex with Men
  12. STD Risk for Receptive Unprotected Anal Sex in Men
  13. 7 FAQs HIV Preexposure prophylaxis (HIV PrEP)
  14. What is the Treatment for Cold Sores? What causes Cold Sores?
  15. Genital Warts: The Cauliflower-Like Lumps on the Genitals
  16. Syphilis Symptoms (Painless STD Sores & STD Rashes) 


Genital Warts: The Cauliflower-Like Lumps on the Genitals

Genital warts are white or flesh-coloured, smooth, small bumps that can appear anywhere in the general area of the genitals. They can also grow larger and appear as fleshy, cauliflower-like lumps on the genitals. Neither of which are more dangerous than the other, it is merely a characteristic and the stage that the illness was noticed.
Genital warts is an STD symptom caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

HPV can cause multiple illnesses in the body as there are multiple strains of the virus attributing to different diseases in humans. Out of the hundreds of known strains of HPV, about 30 strains of the virus cause diseases of the genital area. These include warts, or in more sinister cases, cancer of the anus, cervix, vagina, and penis. Read: Causes of Vaginal Lumps & Bumps & Perianal Warts (Peri-Anal Warts)

Most of the other strains have no known effect on humans.


How do I get infected by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)?

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a contagious disease that is transmitted through genital skin contact or through direct contact with genital fluids of a person already infected with HPV.
For transmissible illness such as these, using barrier methods of protection for sexual intercourse such as condoms should be emphasised. However, condoms are not very effective against transmitting HPV just because the HPV virus does not require penetrative sex to transmit the virus.

It can also be transmitted from a mother to an unborn child if the mother has an active HPV infection during the course of the pregnancy.


How do I know I am infected with HPV? How can it be detected?

A majority of people infected with HPV do not realise they even have the virus as it does not present with any symptoms.

Some people will notice bumps or warts around the genital area, otherwise known as genital warts. These usually occur one to three months after initial infection with HPV.


The most sinister manifestation of the HPV disease is cervical cancer affecting women in their 30s or 40s. The simplest way to detect cervical cancer is by identifying if an individual is an active risk of getting the disease and doing regular PAP smears. MOH guidelines are also apparent on the timing and interval for PAP smears for women in the reproductive age group. Sometimes a biopsy of unhealthy cervical looking tissue may be needed.

For men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM), it is recommended that they do an anal PAP smear to investigate for HPV.

We also provide Rapid HPV Testing (next day result) in all our clinics in Singapore.


How can HPV & Genital Warts be treated?

In most cases, the HPV infection is self-limiting therefore no treatment is deemed necessary.

Unless an individual has issues with antibodies or a weak immune system in general, the body should be able to contain and eradicate the virus from the body in due time.
If an individual has an impaired immune system or a weak immune response, a lingering infection or a co-infection with another sexually transmitted illness can occur.

In cases of genital warts, the treatment options are largely dependent on the severity of the infection. The most common treatment options include creams and paint-on ointments. These induce a state of cell death so warts around the genital will eventually wither and fall off the skin.

Some patients may be offered cryotherapy where the wart is frozen then removed. The wart is frozen prior to that so that there will be no transmission of the wart after.
Apart from the above surgical options for wart removal also exist. This is where a surgeon uses electrocautery or a scalpel and surgically excise warts. See: Genital Warts Removal

Unfortunately, the majority of genital warts or other warts can recur very frequently and is rather common to have warts recur post removal. Sometimes, repeated treatments are required for complete remission, but patients should be aware of the recurrence rates in such an infection.


HPV and Cervical cancer

Some HPV viruses are known as high-risk viruses. This is particularly true in virus strains 16 and 18. This is because it induces changes in the cells in the cervix of a woman and causes cervical if not detected early.

It is in this light that it is recommended that all sexually active women are advised to go for regular PAP smear tests, screen for HPV infections and visit your doctor for HPV vaccination in Singapore.


HPV and PAP Smear

Pap smear is a relatively painless test that can be quickly done. It involves inserting a speculum into the vagina of the patient to allow for inspection then a tool is inserted to obtain scraping. The patient should go back to resume activities of daily living with no hindrance once after the procedure completed by our female doctor.
These scrapings and obtained cells are then examined under a microscope to look for abnormal cells.

We also provide Rapid HPV Testing & Pap Smear in all our clinics in Singapore.

HPV and HPV Vaccination

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a group of virus that can cause:

  • Vaginal Cancers
  • Vulvar Cancers
  • Anal Cancers
  • Penile Cancers
  • Oropharyngeal Cancers (cancers of the throat and tongue)
  • Genital warts or Papillomas

HPV vaccination is used to protect against HPV-related diseases and cancers.
To complete the HPV vaccination, 3 doses of injections will be given. The recommended HPV vaccine schedules are:
First dose: During your doctor visit.
Second dose: 1 – 2 months after the first dose
Third dose: 4-5 months after the second dose


Get More protection with New 9-valent HPV vaccine (Gardasil 9)

There are over a hundred strains of HPV and they are each given a designated number e.g. HPV 6 or HPV 16 or HPV52.
HPV strains that cause warts will NOT cause cancers and HPV strains that cause Cancer will NOT cause warts.

Compared to the older Gardasil, the new GARDASIL 9 offers a wider range of protection against HPV strains.
Both Gardasil and Gardasil 9 give you protection against the cancer-causing HPV 16 and 18 and the wart-causing HPV 6 and 11.
Gardasil 9 protects additional 5 other high-risk types: 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58.
Together these types cause about 90% of cervical cancers.

Another HPV vaccine Cervarix, on the other hand, protects only against the commonest cancer-causing HPV 16 and 18. There is no wart protection with Cervarix.
If you are interested in getting the HPV testing & PAP smear, genital warts treatment or HPV vaccine, please visit our STD clinics and speak to our male and female doctors.
If you or your partner are experiencing any possible signs or symptoms of infection, or have had any potential risk exposures, please see our STD doctors today.
Take Care. Be Safe!



Other Interesting Reads:

  1. An Overview of STD – From an STD Doctor
  2. Anal Pap Smear for Anal Cancer Screening
  3. HIV Rash: What You Need To Know
  4. Genital Blister, Genital Ulcers & Genital Warts – What You Need to Know
  5. What You Need To Know about HPV, Cervical Cancer, Pap Smear & HPV Vaccination
  6. 11 Causes of Dyspareunia (Pain During Intercourse)
  7. 10 Common HIV related to Opportunistic Infections
  8. What is HPV Vaccination (Gardasil 9)
  9. 10 Causes of abnormal Vaginal Lumps and Bumps
  10. An Overview of Gonorrhoea
  11. What is the Treatment for Cold Sores? What causes Cold Sores?
  12. Herpes: Everything You Need to Know!
  13. Genital Warts: The Cauliflower-Like Lumps on the Genitals
  14. Syphilis Symptoms (Painless STD Sores & STD Rashes)